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Ethiopian Airlines weathered the Covid pandemic but still faces challenges in sourcing parts and remaining competitive during inflation.

Ethiopian Airlines successfully weathered the Covid pandemic by shifting its strategy, but Africa’s only profitable carrier still faces “real challenges” in sourcing parts and staying competitive at a time of inflation, its CEO told AFP.

The 2022-2023 financial year ending June 30 “was a very successful year,” Mesfin Tasew said in an interview in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa. “We carried 13.7 million passengers, which is a 57-per cent growth compared to the previous year and 10 per cent higher than pre-Covid. We also carried 740,000 tonnes of cargo, which is nearly double pre-Covid,” he said.


The state-owned company generated $6.1 billion in revenue, up 20 per cent compared to the previous year and nearly 50 per cent more than pre-Covid earnings. The airline turned to freight when passenger traffic fell, including converting some of its passenger aircraft to transport cargo.

“The figures indicate that we have fully recovered from the impacts of Covid,” said Mesfin, who was appointed to the job in March 2022. But, he said, the pandemic’s effects can still be felt in the form of “high inflation… which translates into high operating costs for us (and) high fuel price.”

The disruption to the global supply chain caused by Covid-19 has also led to a shortage of spare parts required for repairs. “Sometimes we have difficulty flying all aeroplanes; we have to ground some of the aircraft until we get the parts”, he said.

He added that he expects the problem to be resolved within three years, “but today, it is a real challenge.” As the industry recovers from coronavirus and more planes take to the skies, potential overcapacity may lead to a fall in airfares, he said.

The company “will have to re-evaluate its cost structure and… work very hard on our cost-saving initiative to stay still competitive,” he said. Ethiopian Airlines is also facing other challenges, including a lawsuit filed by a rights group that claims the carrier discriminated against travellers from the war-scarred region of Tigray.

The airline resumed air links between the capital, Addis Ababa and Tigray after a peace deal was signed in November 2022, ending two years of conflict between the federal government and Tigrayan rebels.

Mesfin declined to answer any questions related to the case. The airline has previously denied claims that it had transported soldiers and weapons to Tigray during the war. The controversies have not dented the carrier’s bottom line, with Mesfin saying the airline intended to “attain certain key milestones by 2035”.


The objectives include increasing its annual passenger traffic to over 60 million, expanding its list of international destinations from 130 to 207 and nearly doubling its fleet to 271 planes. The company is also developing a sustainability strategy to meet the industry’s target of net zero emissions by 2050, he said.

“The studies so far indicate that more than 60 per cent of this carbon reduction will come from the use of sustainable aviation fuel,” he said. But the limited availability and high cost of SAF, which is made from sources such as municipal waste and agricultural waste, are major hurdles.

“Today it is twice as expensive as jet fuel — jet fuel today constitutes for us about 40 per cent of our total cost. If we wanted to use SAF at (the) current price, our costs would be out of proportion,” he said.

Furthermore, there are only “a few (SAF) manufacturers in Europe and the US, none in Africa as far as we know, so we cannot start (using) it now.” Even so, he remained optimistic that technological advances will one day enable manufacturers “to produce SAF at a price… which will be manageable for us.”


© Agence France-Presse

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